Speech and Language Therapy Information!

Your trusted source for best quality information about speech, language and communication needs. 

Comprehensive information on all aspects of human communication and speech therapy, including speech, language, voice, stuttering and much more.....

Popular Subjects


Speech development, speech disorders, phonetics, phonology, articulation, speech perception...and much more!


Language development, acquisition, verbal language, syntxx, morphology, pragmatics...and more!


The communication chain, conversation, body language, communication disorders...etc...etc


Voice development, voice disorders, voice care for adults and children, how to improve vocal habits, voice assessment and measurement...and so much more!


Eight preset style variations to choose, each with configurable options.

Easy Reading

Easy to read human speech, language and communication needs articles written in Plain English. Includes free printable PDF files for use by clinicians, parents, carers, teachers...etc.

A selection of our articles...

Stressed and Unstressed Syllables

stressed and unstressed syllables

Primary and secondary stress We have noted elsewhere (see Syllabic Consonants) that some syllables in polysyllabic words may be given more emphasis than others, i.e. they are stressed. This extra prominence is achieved predominantly, although not exclusively, by the speaker raising the pitch of the sounds that constitute the syllable. All English words have one syllable that receives primary […]

Read more ...

Gaps in Conversation

ca101 gaps in conversation header

Delay in applying turn-taking rules Silence in conversation is differentially assigned according to the application or non-application of the turn allocation rules outlined above. So, for example, gaps in conversations occur prior to the application of either Rule 2 (next speaker self-selects) or Rule 3 (current speaker may continue). Consider the following. 1 Graeme:  seems strange […]

Read more ...

Violative Interruption

ca101 violative interruption header

Intentional overlap Contrast the previous example (Inadvertent Overlap) with the following extract taken from a conversation between two people. 1 Nicholas:  I thought it was a sensible 2            consi//deration to walk 3 Mary:             that’s stupid because no 4            one can make those sorts of decisions anymore In this extract, first look at where Mary’s talk in […]

Read more ...

Featured Articles


Human Communication 101 is a series of introductory texts providing high quality information on selected aspects of human communication, with particular emphasis on speech, language and communication needs.

The Causes of Stuttering

The causes of stuttering are unknown but neurological development, parental reaction, trauma and a predisposition to stuttering have all been suggested.