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Child-directed Speech

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Caregivers unconsciously modify their speech when talking to babies and infants. Sometimes known as motherese or parentese, this linguistic behavior is now commonly known as child-directed speech. It is typified by such things as the adult speaking in monologues, using grammatically simple structures and using exaggerated intonation.

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Communication Capacity

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Communication capacity is a speaker’s ability to successfully encode and decode messages, and the ability of the transmission channel to successfully transmit those messages.

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Communication Model

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Any communication model is just a conceptual framework that simplifies our understanding of the complex communication process. This article discusses a transmission model, underpinned by Information Theory, known as The Communication Chain. The three elements of production, transmission and reception are discussed. In addition, the function of the cognitive, linguistic, physiological and acoustic levels for both the agent (speaker) and recipient (listener) are explained.

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Vowels are open sounds, produced with the vocal cords vibrating and with no obstruction to the airflow from the lungs. There are approximately 20 vowels in British English.

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Phonetics studies articulation, i.e. how the sounds of particular languages are articulated in particular contexts. This article explains the articulation of the 24 English consonants. They are categorized as either plosives, nasals, fricatives, affricates or approximants.

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