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Speech development, speech disorders, phonetics, phonology, articulation, speech perception...and much more!

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Language development, acquisition, verbal language, syntax, morphology, pragmatics...and more!

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Featured Article

Stuttering Problems

There are many stuttering problems for people who stutter. People with an established stutter are aware of the negative effect of repetitions, prolongations, hesitations and blocks on their speech. Their stutter (stammer) may be accompanied by facial tics and uncontrolled body movements. Stuttering can lead to the avoidance of certain activities and to social isolation.

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Language Content

Language content refers to the topics and ideas that are encoded in linguistic messages. We all talk about the same things: objects, relationships between objects, and relationships between events. Content is, therefore, general and independent of any particular context. In contrast, topic is variable and changes with age, as well as culture. Language content is akin to semantics.

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Transcribing Speech

Transcribing speech requires the use of a standardized system. The International Phonetic Alphabet is a notational system for transcribing the speech sounds of any world language. It is needed because there is no clear cut, one-to-one relationship between an alphabet letter and a speech sound. Download a copy of the full IPA chart here.

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The Phonological Problem

The phonological problem relates to the problem of how a listener knows which particular words have been uttered. The task of identifying the speech sounds that make up the words is made difficult by two factors: variation and co-articulation. These factors potentially make it difficult to segment one word from another in real-time speech.

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Syllabic Consonants

Introduction We have seen elsewhere (see Syllables and Clusters) that English syllables generally: have a potential three-part…

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Stimulability Test

A Stimulability Test is a straightforward way to determine if someone may have an articulation disorder. It is a simple repetition task. The tester merely says each speech sound and asks the person being tested to repeat the sound. An inability to repeat the sound accurately may indicate a phonetic difficulty.

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Speech Perception

In order to process spoken language, the brain must first capture the speech signal and then analyze it. Speech is perceived and processed by the auditory system of the brain. This article describes the functioning of the human ear and then highlights the distinctive way in which a part of the brain’s temporal lobe responds to speech.

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