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S/Z Ratio Below 1.0

What does an S/Z ratio below 1.0 mean? Research indicates that this may be “normative” in some situations, as there is considerable overlap in the s/z ratios of those with and without laryngeal pathology.

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Voice Projection Exercises

Integrating vocal behaviors We have seen elsewhere (see Effective Voice Projection) that the key to projecting our voice with sufficient loudness, and without exertion, is to integrate a handful of vocal behaviors, i.e. diaphragmatic breathing easy onset relaxation of the head, neck…

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Stop Throat Clearing!

Clearing the throat can be traumatic to the vocal folds (vocal cords). It’s rather like smacking them together with too much force. Doing this excessively, and over a prolonged period of time (known as chronic throat clearing), can injure the vocal folds and this will in all…

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Head and Neck Exercises

Overview In order to produce easy, relaxed voice, there should be no excessive tension in the muscles around the head, neck and shoulders. Head and neck exercises are used to gently increase the flexibility and range of movement of the neck and shoulder muscles. They can be…

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Mindfulness of Breathing

Overview This relaxation technique allows us time to slow down, to focus our attention and to calm our body and mind. It’s adapted from an ancient Indian practice known as anapanasati (literally ‘mindfulness of breathing’). In essence it’s very simple – we watch the flow of the breath…

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Easy Onset

Hard attack The phrase ‘Annie ate an apple’ is often used by voice therapists to test for what is known as hard attack. This is when the vocal folds are brought together with too much force. It is typically heard on vowel sounds and is caused by…

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Diaphragmatic Breathing

Why is diaphragmatic breathing important for my voice? Good breathing patterns are essential for producing a strong, effective and efficient voice. People with voice difficulties often use shallow, inefficient ways of breathing. Because of this, they can run out of breath when talking.

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Maximizing Your Physical and Emotional Health

Looking after yourself People are a business’s most important resource. Your voice is, arguably, your most important asset. If you don’t look after your voice, who will? It’s something only you can do. Whatever job you do (whether in paid employment, volunteering or as a stay-at-home parent…

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