A schema is a mental framework for efficiently categorizing our experiences so that when we encounter similar experiences again we do not have to relearn how to respond or how to behave. Schemas provide an organizing framework for acting within the world.
The view that body and mind are separate and composed of different kinds of material is no longer a tenable position. Based on an understanding of physics, brain biochemistry and neuroimaging techniques, modern science tells us that there is no separation and that what we perceive as the mind is actually what the brain’s own activity.
The human mind/brain appears to consist of separate components, each of which possesses different processing resources that are specialized for carrying out some specific mental function. This is known as the modularity assumption.
Theory of Mind is a person’s ability to understand the thoughts, intentions, beliefs and feelings of others (and themselves). It arises as a consequence of the mind’s ability to reflect upon itself. The ability develops early and certain early infant behaviors provide the basic foundation for this so-called ‘mind-reading’.
The Theory of Planned Behavior seeks to explain why people perform certain actions. They do so because they form an intention to carry out the action. Intentions are influenced by the person’s beliefs, the social pressure to conform to the wishes of others, and their perceived ability to carry out the action. These are known as beliefs, salient referents and perceived behavioral control. An activity to practice the application of the model is presented.
ABSTRACT In this article we consider how personal experience of inclusion and exclusion has been a major driving force in the development of inclusive education, with disabled adults in particular struggling to redefine their experiences of schooling. One major factor in this struggle towards redefinition has been the…
The Sapir-Whorf hypothesis states that thought and language are the same thing and that one’s particular language shapes one’s worldview. This idea, that some concepts may be unthinkable because a language has no names for certain concepts, is debunked.