SLTinfo logo

Childhood Apraxia of Speech (in plain English)

What is childhood apraxia of speech? Childhood Apraxia of Speech is a type of speech difficulty. It is often referred to just by the letters CAS. CAS is a difficulty with voluntarily moving mouth parts such as the tongue, lips and jaw in order to produce…

Read More

Dysarthria (in plain English)

What is dysarthria? The term dysarthria means dysfunction of articulation. In other words, it is an articulation difficulty (or speech difficulty). However, the term is usually used to mean a speech difficulty which is caused by neuromuscular impairment. This is when there is damage that affects how…

Read More

Speech Difficulty in Adults (in plain English)

What is speech? Speech is the different sounds we make to pronounce the words we use in talking. We use vowels such as ‘e’, ‘o’ and ‘u’ and consonants such as ‘p’, ‘t’ and ‘z’. What types of speech difficulty affect adults? A speech difficulty…

Read More

Language Difficulty in Adults (in plain English)

What is language? Language is the ability to understand words and to use them to make sentences. What types of language difficulty affect adults? A language difficulty can include problems with: comprehension (understanding what other people say) expression (putting words together in the right order to…

Read More

Speech Difficulty in Children (in plain English)

What is a speech difficulty? Speech is the sounds we make to build the words we use in talking. These are the vowels and consonants we use. A child might have a speech difficulty if: they have difficulty physically making speech sounds they can make speech sounds…

Read More

Voice (in plain English)

What is voice? Voice is the ability to make sounds by vibrating the vocal cords. The buzzing sound made by the vibrating vocal cords is called the voice. Air from the lungs moves up through the windpipe (trachea) and between the vocal cords inside…

Read More