Speech & Language Therapy Information

Category Archives: In plain English

Play (in plain English)

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All children play All children get involved in playful activities. These are often the things they choose to do themselves. They follow their own ideas and do it for their own reasons. But often they do it simply because it’s fun or because they’re exploring something. Children of all ages play, including babies. Babies play […]

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Taking Time to Talk

Taking time to talk

Four year old Daniel comes running into the house and excitedly tells his mother, “Mum, I want to…I want to…I want to play on my bike!” Gently his mother tells him that he can play but he must stay in the garden. “Thank…thank…thank you!” Daniel replies and runs outside to the shed to get his […]

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What a Voice!

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A baby’s first cry at birth is a natural occurrence and yet it is the product of a complex process. What is the human voice? Sound starts when air from the lungs moves upwards through the windpipe or trachea and into the voice box or larynx. The larynx is that part which forms the bulge […]

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Speech Rules!

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A staggering amount of growth and change occurs within the first five years of a child’s life. An important  change is the development of speech. If you considered all the physical, psychological and social factors necessary to achieve speech, you might wonder how children ever learn to speak at all. However, a comparison between typically […]

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Features of Communication in plain English

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The following diagram is a summary of the different areas that make up human communication. Click on a box to learn more.  .  .   Communication Communication is the sharing of thoughts, feelings, messages and information. It usually takes at least two people to communicate. We might be the one doing the sharing or we […]

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Communication Assessment Information for Parents and Carers

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Where do assessments take place? This varies but it’s usual for your child to be seen either in their nursery or school, a clinic, or at home. What happens at the first speech therapy appointment? The people who will be there The speech-language pathologist (speech therapist) is the one who carries out the assessment. Usually just […]

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General Information for Parents and Carers

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Often children need to be taught how to communicate well, or differently, and this will probably take time. Speech and language therapy is a therapy and not a treatment. This means that the things speech-language pathologists (speech therapists) do are more like the sorts of things teachers do. We might use toys, jigsaws, drawing paper, musical […]

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Talking to People with Aphasia (in plain English)

Talking to people with aphasia

What is Aphasia? Aphasia is a communication disorder caused by damage to parts of the brain that control language. A person’s intellect may not be affected but they may have difficulty with: understanding what others are saying expressing themselves reading writing doing math calculations Aphasia is most commonly caused by a stroke but it can […]

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Childhood Apraxia of Speech (in plain English)

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What is childhood apraxia of speech? Childhood Apraxia of Speech is a type of speech difficulty. It is often referred to just by the letters CAS. CAS is a difficulty with voluntarily moving mouth parts such as the tongue, lips and jaw in order to produce speech. The child knows what they want to say […]

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Dysarthria (in plain English)

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What is dysarthria? The term dysarthria means dysfunction of articulation. In other words, it is an articulation difficulty (or speech difficulty). However, the term is usually used to mean a speech difficulty which is caused by neuromuscular impairment. This is when there is damage that affects how the nerves send signals to the muscles that […]

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