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Distribution of Back Channel Tokens

The distribution of back channel tokens in conversations between non-impaired and learning disabled interlocutors ABSTRACT: The use of back channel tokens to contribute to conversation is well attested in the literature. These recipiency tokens, uttered by the current non-speaker, make no claim to take over a full…

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SUPPLEMENTARY ARTICLES

Supplementary articles The following articles, some of which derive from empirical research, employ a number of conversation analysis (CA) techniques and procedures that have been outlined in CONVERSATION ANALYSIS 101. As such, they provide further examples of CA in action for the interested reader.

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Are You Interested?

Are you interested? (Talking in an ATC) Kernan and Sabsay (1989) have shown that non-disabled persons recognize someone as having a learning disability primarily because of the way that person talks. Such persons are perceived to be socially unskilled and linguistically incompetent. Frequently they are perceived…

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Anything on the Back Channel?

Where have all the tokens gone? “Well, well….” “Right….yeah.” “Oh, really?….I see.” “Uh huh….uh huh.” “Mm hm….mm.” Vocalizations such as uh huh, mm and oh pervade conversational interaction. They are everywhere. There can hardly be…

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Analyzing Conversation

Procedures for analyzing conversation As one might expect, there are several approaches to analyzing conversational interaction. The approaches and procedures vary according to such things as the theoretical assumptions the investigators bring to the task and their overarching aim. For example, John Searle (1969) and John…

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Appendix 4: Answers to Exercises

Suggested answers Exercise 1 Any three of: no predetermined cognitive map collaboratively achieved managed on a turn-by-turn basis one-at-a-time talk highly coordinated Exercise 2 1 A  [TCU he shows his fist to you does he?] [TRP]…

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Appendix 3: Exercises

Exercises and activities Exercise 1 List three characteristics of conversation. Exercise 2 Identify the turn-constructional units [TCU] and transition relevance places [TRP] in the following extract from a conversation between two people, A and B:…

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CA in Action

An example CA analysis We will now work through an example analysis of naturally occurring conversation. The aim is to demonstrate how to conduct CA analyses of conversation data by walking through the appropriate methodological steps which would be taken by any conversation analyst. We will…

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