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PHONOLOGY 101

Overview Phonology Phonology is the study of the rule system that governs how particular speech sounds are used to produce meaningful words. It investigates the systematic organization of sounds in a particular language. It describes the basic units of speech in any language and examines…

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CA and the Organization of Turns

Two leading procedures for analyzing conversation Currently, there are two leading procedures for the analysis of conversation. The first derives from linguistics and is designated as discourse analysis (DA). The second derives from the techniques of ethnomethodology and is identified as conversation analysis (CA). The dominant…

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Using Personal Names in Conversation

Abstract: This brief paper considers the use of personal names in conversations and notes that the feature of address specified under the rules of turn allocation is not required in dyadic conversation. The use of personal names as vocatives that function as parenthetical addresses or summonses,…

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Telephone Conversation

CA analysis of a telephone conversation This article provides an example analysis of a telephone conversation between two people, using the techniques and methods of conversation analysis. The transcription of the interaction is set out in Appendix A below. General comments It is apparent…

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Saying it Again

Conversational skills Conversational skills now form an integral part of most social and communication skills assessments and training packages for adults with learning disabilities. Their inclusion has become increasingly important owing to the current emphasis on the facilitation of self-advocacy. Most packages/approaches give consideration to ‘gross’…

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Instructor Restatements

Abstract: One pervasive method of contributing to conversational interaction is through the use of back channel tokens. This paper examines the use of restatement as a back channel token in dyadic conversation between non-impaired instructors and trainees with learning disabilities within an Adult Training Center. The…

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Incipient Disinterest

Trainee back channels – a case of incipient disinterest? Communication between non-impaired and learning disabled interlocutors Kernan and Sabsay (1982, 1984, 1989) note that non-disabled persons recognize someone as having a learning disability primarily because of the way that person engages in conversational interaction. Such…

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