Speech & Language Therapy Information

Category Archives: Human Communication 101

Transcribing Speech Sounds

transcribing speech sounds ess101 header

Consider the following short text. Dan and Kathryn had a row in the park. What do you think actually happened here? Do you think that Dan and Kathryn spent some time propelling a boat with oars, rowing on a lake in the park? Or do you think they had an extended, noisy quarrel? The difficulty […]

Read more ...

Age of Acquisition of Speech Sounds

age of acquisition of speech sounds ESS101

Normative data Normative data refers to data that characterize what is typical of a particular large group at a specific point in time. Such data provide summary descriptions of the group’s behavior. So, for example, in order to understand the order of acquisition of speech sounds, researchers have studied large groups of children and identified […]

Read more ...

Making Speech Sounds

making speech sounds header

All English speech sounds are made on an outgoing (egressive) airstream. The process begins as air from the lungs (pulmonic air) passes upwards through the windpipe (trachea) and through the larynx. Larynx Within the larynx are two vocal folds. These are almost triangular in shape and made of elastic tissue. They are approximately 17-22 mm […]

Read more ...

Studying Speech

studying speech header

Which variety of speech? The particular world language at the heart of this series of articles (English Speech Sounds 101), and this website, is English. There are, of course, many varieties of English: American English, Australian English, Caribbean English, Singaporean English, Nigerian English, and so on. Whilst all are recognizable as ‘English’, these different varieties […]

Read more ...

What is a speech sound?

what is a speech sound header

Human beings are capable of uttering hundreds of sounds. If we fall and hurt ourselves, we may well let out a shriek or a pained, strangled sound of hurt – something akin to “Ow!” or “Argh!” However, not all uttered sounds such as these are speech sounds. That is to say, not all of the […]

Read more ...

HUMAN COMMUNICATION 101

human communication 101 header

What are Human Communication 101 texts? Human Communication 101 is a series of introductory texts providing high quality information on selected aspects of human communication, with particular emphasis on speech, language and communication needs. Each Human Communication 101 series collates articles on a particular aspect of human communication into simple – but not simplistic – introductions that spin […]

Read more ...

ENGLISH SPEECH SOUNDS 101

English Speech Sounds 101

Overview This series of articles from the Human Communication 101  series is entitled ENGLISH SPEECH SOUNDS 101. It introduces the reader to articulatory phonetics, the study of how the human vocal tract is used to produce speech sounds. In doing so, it identifies all sounds that are considered to be English speech sounds. These are […]

Read more ...