Category Archives: Conversation Analysis 101

CA and the Organization of Turns

CA and the organization of turns

Two leading procedures for analyzing conversation Currently, there are two leading procedures for the analysis of conversation. The first derives from linguistics and is designated as discourse analysis (DA). The second derives from the techniques of ethnomethodology and is identified as conversation analysis (CA). The dominant distinguishing feature between the two is their methodological orientation. These two […]

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Using Personal Names in Conversation

ca101 using personal names in conversation

Abstract: This brief paper considers the use of personal names in conversations and notes that the feature of address specified under the rules of turn allocation is not required in dyadic conversation. The use of personal names as vocatives that function as parenthetical addresses or summonses, which invoke a three-part summons – answer – reason […]

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Telephone Conversation

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CA analysis of a telephone conversation This article provides an example analysis of a telephone conversation between two people, using the techniques and methods of conversation analysis. The transcription of the interaction is set out in Appendix A below. General comments It is apparent that the transcription is that of a telephone conversation. This is […]

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Saying it Again

ca101 saying it again

Conversational skills now form an integral part of most social and communication skills assessments and training packages for adults with learning disabilities. Their inclusion has become increasingly important owing to the current emphasis on the facilitation of self-advocacy. Most packages/approaches give consideration to ‘gross’ features such as how to open a conversation, how to take […]

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Instructor Restatements

ca101 instructor restatements

Abstract: One pervasive method of contributing to conversational interaction is through the use of back channel tokens. This paper examines the use of restatement as a back channel token in dyadic conversation between non-impaired instructors and trainees with learning disabilities within an Adult Training Center. The analysis is framed with reference to Clark and Schaefer’s […]

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Incipient Disinterest

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Trainee back channels – a case of incipient disinterest? Communication between non-impaired and learning disabled interlocutors Kernan and Sabsay (1982, 1984, 1989) note that non-disabled persons recognize someone as having a learning disability primarily because of the way that person engages in conversational interaction. Such persons are perceived to be socially unskilled and linguistically incompetent […]

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Distribution of Back Channel Tokens

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The distribution of back channel tokens in conversations between non-impaired and learning disabled interlocutors ABSTRACT: The use of back channel tokens to contribute to conversation is well attested in the literature. These recipiency tokens, uttered by the current non-speaker, make no claim to take over a full turn at talk and they do not alter the […]

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SUPPLEMENTARY ARTICLES

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Supplementary articles The following articles, some of which derive from empirical research, employ a number of conversation analysis (CA) techniques and procedures that have been outlined in CONVERSATION ANALYSIS 101. As such, they provide further examples of CA in action for the interested reader. Anything on the Backchannel? Vocalizations such as uh huh, mm and […]

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Are You Interested?

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Are you interested? (Talking in an ATC) Kernan and Sabsay (1989) have shown that non-disabled persons recognize someone as having a learning disability primarily because of the way that person talks. Such persons are perceived to be socially unskilled and linguistically incompetent. Frequently they are perceived to be rigid, uninterested or even boring during conversation. […]

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Anything on the Back Channel?

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Where have all the tokens gone? “Well, well….” “Right….yeah.” “Oh, really?….I see.” “Uh huh….uh huh.” “Mm hm….mm.” Vocalizations such as uh huh, mm and oh pervade conversational interaction. They are everywhere. There can hardly be any informal face-to-face conversations which do not provide copious examples of these wee beasties. But, search as you might, you […]

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