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SUMMARY OF CONNECTED SPEECH PROCESSES

Connected speech processes Table 2 summarizes all the processes affecting pronunciation in rapidly articulated connected speech that we have discussed in this section. ASSIMILATION……………….. allophonic Word-final alveolars are dentalized before dental fricatives. Word-final nasals are labialized before labiodental fricatives.

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Assimilation to Post-alveolar Place

Phonemic assimilation – post-alveolar place If an alveolar plosive or fricative appears word-finally, and is followed immediately by the post-alveolar approximant /j/, it will assimilate this post-alveolar place of articulation as follows: Consider the phrase: what you like /wɒt ju laɪk/ In a context such as this,…

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Assimilation to Bilabial Place

Phonemic assimilation – bilabial place De-alveolar assimilation is often highly predictable. So, if we know which particular alveolar occupies word-final position before the word boundary and the nature of the consonant occupying the word-initial position of the immediately following word, we can predict which phoneme will likely be…

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Assimilation to Velar Place

Phonemic assimilation – velar place The above rules have examined how the alveolars /t, d, n/, and combinations of these, become bilabial before bilabial consonants. If, however, they appear before velar plosives they become velar: Examples of this assimilation of velar place of articulation include the following.

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Articulatory Dynamics

Articulatory dynamics explained Connected speech involves rapid, coordinated, sequential movements of the articulatory mechanism over extended periods of time. Our ability to move the articulators with precision in connected speech is influenced by two main factors: biomechanical performance of the articulatory mechanism neuromuscular control mechanism Biomechanical performance Naturally,…

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