To analyze conversation, audio data is typically transcribed into a written form that is amenable to analysis. There are two general approaches. The first is a more detailed method that captures the minutiae of conversational interaction, known as a narrow transcription. The second requires less detail and is known as a broad transcription. This article provides examples of both methods and introduces a format for visually displaying the relative distribution of speaker participation in conversations.
Transition relevance places (TRPs) are places in an ongoing informal conversation where the turn at talk may legitimately pass from one speaker to another.
Just what do humans talk about? Well, we communicate in speech and writing by packaging information into clauses. A clause typically consists of a process and a participant. Sometimes circumstances may be added to provide additional details about the process. The processes themselves represent the goings-on that we talk about. There are three types of process: states, events and actions. This, in essence, is what humans talk about.