Speech and Language Therapy Information!

Your trusted source for best quality information about speech, language and communication needs. 

Comprehensive information on all aspects of human communication and speech therapy, including speech, language, voice, stuttering and much more.....

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Speech development, speech disorders, phonetics, phonology, articulation, speech perception...and much more!


Language development, acquisition, verbal language, syntxx, morphology, pragmatics...and more!


The communication chain, conversation, body language, communication disorders...etc...etc


Voice development, voice disorders, voice care for adults and children, how to improve vocal habits, voice assessment and measurement...and so much more!


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Easy to read human speech, language and communication needs articles written in Plain English. Includes free printable PDF files for use by clinicians, parents, carers, teachers...etc.

A selection of our articles...

Language Development

language development header

Linguistic ability is the ability to manipulate symbols, specifically the arbitrary symbols that we call words, in order to create meaning. The developing child does not, of course, acquire this ability all at once. The process of language development may be considered as a series of alternating periods of rapid growth accompanied by periods of calm or consolidation. There are several stages, each incorporating different behaviors, which may be seen as precursors to the acquisition of full linguistic ability. These stages are typically divided into two categories: (1) pre-linguistic, and (2) linguistic.

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Step 5: Ask Questions

ca101 step 5 Ask Questions

Pose research questions Now, we indicated (see Conversation Analysis) earlier that, whilst CA resists premature theorizing, the interplay between repeated listening to audio recordings and examination of transcriptions leads to the generation of research questions. So, having identified that Jim appears to be only taking minimal turns at talk, and considering the definition of conversation […]

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Entropy and Redundancy in Human Communication

entropy and redundancy in human communication

Transmission models of communication stress the need to achieve an appropriate balance between messages with highly unpredictable information (entropy) and highly predictable information (redundancy). In this way, communication between speakers and hearers is improved.

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Featured Articles


Human Communication 101 is a series of introductory texts providing high quality information on selected aspects of human communication, with particular emphasis on speech, language and communication needs.

The Causes of Stuttering

The causes of stuttering are unknown but neurological development, parental reaction, trauma and a predisposition to stuttering have all been suggested.