phon101-badge-200

We have indicated elsewhere (see Fronting) that, as well as velar consonants being fronted, post-alveolar consonants can also be affected. Fronting of /ʃ ʒ ʧ ʤ/ is known as post-alveolar fronting (or sometimes palato-alveolar fronting). Like velar fronting, it can occur in syllable-initial or syllable-final position.

Consider the word jam /ʤæm/ being realized as /væm/. Here, the initial voiced post-alveolar fricative /ʤ/ has been substituted by a consonant made further forwards in the mouth, the voiced labio-dental fricative /v/. This is, therefore, an example of syllable-initial post-alveolar fronting. As with velar fronting, the substituting sound typically mirrors the same voicing as the substituted post-alveolar sound, i.e. voiced /ʤ/ is substituted with voiced /v/. In addition, the substituting /v/ reflects some of the manner of production. In this case, the fricative /v/ retains the friction of the affricate /ʤ/. In sum, voiceless post-alveolars are typically fronted by voiceless fricatives, and voiced post-alveolars are typically substituted by voiced fricatives.

Further examples of syllable-initial post-alveolar fronting, demonstrating a mirroring of both voicing and manner, include the following. [NB: the post-alveolar fricative /ʒ/ does not appear in syllable-initial position in British English and so there are no examples of this being fronted in syllable-initial position.]

 

shop

/ʃɒp/

/θɒp/

chair

/ʧɛə/

/sɛə/

jaw

/ ʤɔ/

/ðɔ/

 

The following demonstrate syllable-final post-alveolar fronting (which does include an example of fronting the post-alveolar fricative /ʒ/, which is allowable in syllable-final position in English).

 

wish

/wɪʃ/

/wɪs/

garage

/ɡærɑʒ/

/ɡærɑz/

match

/mæʧ/

/mæs/

badge

/bæʤ/

/bæz/

 

Post-alveolar fronting is widespread in children from the age of 2;00 years up to as old as 4;06 years. On average, however, it is probably eradicated by about 3;06 years.

NEXT>> Backing