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Suggested answers to Exercises

 

1.

Phonemic, syllabic and word.

 

 

 

 

 

2.

flag

/flæg/

/fæg/

=

initial cluster reduction

 

snake

/sneɪk/

/səneɪk/

=

epenthesis

 

police

/pəˈlis/

/ˈlis/

=

weak syllable deletion

 

posts

/peʊsts/

/peʊs/

=

final cluster reduction

 

case

/keɪs/

/seɪk/

=

metathesis (switching)

 

cup

/kʌp/

/ʌp/

=

initial consonant deletion

 

pat

/pæt/

/pæ/

=

final consonant deletion

 

flow

/fləʊ/

/fəʊl/

=

metathesis (transposition)

 

bring

/brɪŋ/

/bərɪŋ/

=

epenthesis

 

boat

/bəʊt/

/bəʊ/

=

final consonant deletion

 

daddy

/dædɪ/

/dædæ/

=

reduplication

 

 

 

 

 

3.

miss

/mɪs/

/mɪt/

=

syllable-final stopping

 

look

/lʊk/

/zʊk/

=

frication

 

day

/deɪ/

/beɪ/

=

syllable-initial labialization

 

shed

/ʃɛd/

/fɛd/

=

syllable-initial post-alveolar fronting

 

door

/dɔ/

/gɔ/

=

syllable-initial backing

 

love

/lʌv/

/jʌv/

=

gliding

 

man

/mæn/

/bæn/

=

denasalization

 

pig

/pɪg/

/pɪd/

=

syllable-final velar fronting

 

soap

/səʊp/

/təʊp/

=

syllable-initial stopping

 

kit

/kɪt/

/tɪt/

=

syllable-initial velar fronting

 

badge

/bæʤ/

/bæz/

=

syllable-final post-alveolar fronting

 

read

/rid/

/jid/

=

gliding

 

hat

/hæt/

/hæk/

=

syllable-final backing

 

ring

/rɪŋ/

/rɪg/

=

denasalization