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Feature Synthesis

feature synthesis

FEATURE SYNTHESIS Definition: Combining the features of two segments to yield a single different segment. Comment: Mutual influence between two speech sounds causes them to fuse and generate a single different sound. Examples: spoon /spun/ → [fun] sleep /slip/ → [ɬip]   As well as progressive and regressive assimilation, there is a third type of assimilation. This occurs when […]

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Voicing Change

voicing change

VOICING CHANGE Definition: Replacing voiceless consonants with voiced consonants and voiced consonants with voiceless consonants. Comment: This process is particularly noticeable as voiceless consonants at the start of words being voiced, and voiced consonants at the ends of words being de-voiced. Examples: sun /sʌn/ → /zʌn/             (voicing) nose /nəʊz/ → /nəʊs/      (de-voicing)   In principle, voicing […]

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Labial Harmony

labial harmony

NB: This sub-section discusses Labial Harmony which is a particular type of Consonant Harmony. Labial harmony process As well as velars functioning as triggers, labials can also act as triggers. When a labial consonant triggers the assimilation of a target consonant then this is known as labial harmony. Once again, alveolars are particularly susceptible to this type of consonant harmony. Consider […]

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Velar Harmony

velar harmony

NB: This sub-section discusses Velar Harmony which is a particular type of Consonant Harmony. Velar harmony process Alveolars are particularly susceptible to harmony. Here is another example.   tick /tɪk/ → /kɪk/   Again, we see that a target alveolar has assimilated to the place of articulation of a trigger velar, i.e. the voiceless alveolar plosive /t/ has assimilated […]

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Consonant Harmony

CONSONANT HARMONY Definition: A target consonant assumes the place of articulation of a trigger consonant across an intervening vowel. Comment: Consonant harmony takes place in CVC syllables where the two consonants are different. One of the consonants triggers the other to assume its place of articulation. This results in a CVC syllable in which the two consonants are now the […]

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