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From our discussion of the naming convention for consonants, we see that any consonant can be summarized in terms of a tripartite description that indicates its voicing, place of articulation and manner of articulation. For example, /p/ would be described as a voiceless bilabial plosive, /z/ as a voiced alveolar fricative, and /ŋ/ as a voiced velar nasal. Table 15 shows all the English consonants discussed so far.

manner

place of articulation

bilabial

labio-dental

dental

alveolar

post-alveolar

palatal

velar

glottal

plosive

p

b

t

d

k

ɡ

nasal

m

n

ŋ

fricative

f

v

θ

ð

s

z

ʃ

ʒ

h

affricate

approximant

w

r/l

j

<< << front of mouth

back of mouth >> >>

Note:

Conventionally, where symbols appear in pairs, the voiceless consonant is listed before its voiced counterpart.

Table 15. English consonants.

This concludes English Speech Sounds 101