Speech & Language Therapy Information

Category Archives: Communication

Children’s Literacy Difficulties

children's literacy difficulties banner

Literacy is a cultural achievement We have noted elsewhere (Communication) that all human societies that have existed have had a fully developed spoken language. However, not all societies have had a written form of their spoken language. Evolutionarily, we know that speech/spoken language developed first and that written language is a so-called cultural achievement. Indeed, […]

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Strategies for Communicating with People with Learning Disabilities

strategies for communicating with people with learning disabilities

Scope This article introduces just a few of the many ways we can improve the effectiveness of our communications with people with learning disabilities. We will discuss five strategies. Maximizing the hearing environment It is estimated that over 40% of people with a learning disability have hearing difficulties. In addition, we know that many people […]

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Living with Autism

living with autism

Personal experiences of living with autism The extracts below are about children and adults with autism. If you know someone with autism, the descriptions may well be familiar. For those of you have not had such close contact, they are designed to give an initial insight into what it is like to have autism. Parent of […]

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Autism and Theory of Mind

autism and theory of mind

Do people with autism spectrum disorders lack a theory of mind? An important challenge for psychologists working on autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) is to explain why characteristic impairments occur in three different areas of functioning social interaction communication activities and interests One strategy for explaining this three-way pattern is to identify a single underlying problem that […]

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Autism

autism

What is autism? The word autism comes originally from ‘autos’, the Greek word for ‘self’ and means, literally, being absorbed in oneself. In 1943, the psychiatrist Leo Kanner adopted the term to describe some of his child patients: they appeared isolated from the world, withdrawn from social contact, and most had severe intellectual difficulties (Kanner, […]

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Dyslexia

dyslexia

What is dyslexia? Dyslexia involves difficulties in learning to read and write. However, this is not the only form of difficulty that people with dyslexia experience. Terminology There is a wide variety of terms used to describe specific difficulties in learning to read. The original term ‘word blindness’ was rejected in the 1960s and replaced […]

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Features of Communication

Features of human communication

The following diagram summarises the various areas of study in relation to human communication. Click on the boxes to learn more.  

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What Do We Talk About?

What do we talk about?

Just what do humans talk about? Well, we communicate in speech and writing by packaging information into clauses. A clause typically consists of a process and a participant. Sometimes circumstances may be added to provide additional details about the process. The processes themselves represent the goings-on that we talk about. There are three types of process: states, events and actions. This, in essence, is what humans talk about.

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Situational Variables

Situational variables

Situational variables are factors that may influence communicative behavior. The physical and social surroundings, timing, reasons for communicating and individual physiological and mood states can affect language choice in any particular situation.

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Remedies for Interruptions in Conversation

Remedies for interruptions in converstion

Utterances in conversation are prone to being overlapped. There are several remedies for interruptions, including dropping out, competitive allocation, recycling, using non-verbal gestures, subordinating and listing.

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